how long are eggs good for after sell by date

How Long Are Eggs Good for After the Sell By Date?

How long are eggs good for after the sell by date? You’re not alone in wondering this question. Many people find it confusing to know whether eggs are still safe to eat once the sell-by date has passed. Generally, eggs can remain fresh and safe to eat for 3 to 5 weeks beyond the sell-by date if stored properly in the refrigerator at 40°F (4°C) or lower.

In this article, we’ll explore how to determine if your eggs are still good, including tips on storage and testing for freshness. Understanding these simple guidelines can help you avoid food waste and ensure you’re eating safe, fresh eggs.

What Do Egg Labels Mean?

Understanding the labels on egg cartons can help you determine the freshness and quality of the eggs you purchase. Here’s a breakdown of the most common labels:

Sell By Date

The “sell by” date is intended for retailers to indicate how long the eggs can be displayed for sale. This date is usually about three to five weeks after the eggs are packed. Eggs are still safe to eat for a period after this date if they have been stored properly. The “sell by” date is not a safety date but rather a guideline for optimal quality.

Expiration Date

The expiration date, often marked as “EXP,” is another term used to indicate the last date the eggs should be sold. This date is typically a few days to a week after the “sell by” date. While eggs may still be safe to eat after the expiration date, their quality may begin to decline, and it’s important to conduct freshness tests before consuming them.

Best By Date

The “best by” date is a recommendation for when the eggs will be at their peak quality. This date is not related to safety but to the taste and texture of the eggs. Eggs can still be consumed after the “best by” date, but they may not be as fresh or flavorful.

How Long Do Eggs Last in the Refrigerator?


The shelf life of eggs in the refrigerator depends on various factors, including how they are stored and the temperature of the fridge. Here’s what you need to know:

General Shelf Life

Generally, eggs can last for three to five weeks in the refrigerator beyond the “sell by” date. Proper refrigeration is key to maintaining their freshness. The cold temperature slows down the growth of bacteria and preserves the quality of the eggs.

Storage Conditions

Storing eggs in their original carton is crucial because it protects them from absorbing strong odors and flavors from other foods in the fridge. The carton also helps to prevent moisture loss and provides cushioning to prevent breakage. Place the eggs in the coldest part of the refrigerator, usually the back of a middle shelf, rather than the door, where temperatures can fluctuate.


The ideal temperature for storing eggs is 40°F (4°C) or lower. Consistent refrigeration at this temperature helps to keep eggs fresh for longer periods. Avoid leaving eggs out at room temperature for extended periods, as this can significantly reduce their shelf life.

How Long Are Eggs Good for After the Sell By Date?

Generally, eggs can remain fresh and safe to eat for about three to five weeks beyond the sell by date if stored properly at a consistent refrigerator temperature of 40°F (4°C) or lower.

This duration can vary depending on several factors, such as storage conditions and handling. For example, eggs kept in their original carton in the coldest part of the fridge will stay fresher longer than those stored in the door, where temperatures fluctuate.

Store-bought eggs typically have a clearly marked sell by date, providing a helpful guideline. However, farm-fresh eggs, which might not have such labels, can often last longer due to their freshness at the time of purchase.

Regardless of the type, it is essential to perform freshness tests, like the float test, to ensure eggs are still good to use. Proper storage is key to preserving the quality of the eggs.

While the quality of eggs may decline over time, they can still be used safely in various recipes as long as they pass freshness checks.

How to Test Egg Freshness

Test Egg

Testing the freshness of eggs is straightforward and can help you ensure they are safe to eat. Here are a few simple methods:

1. Float Test

Fill a bowl with water and gently place the egg in it. Fresh eggs will sink to the bottom and lay flat on their sides. If an egg stands upright on the bottom, it is still safe to eat but should be used soon. Eggs that float to the top are no longer fresh and should be discarded.

2. Visual Inspection

Crack the egg open onto a flat surface. Fresh eggs have a firm, slightly domed yolk and thick, viscous egg white that stays close to the yolk. If the yolk is flat and the egg white is watery, the egg is older and might not be at its best quality.

3. Smell Test

Fresh eggs have a neutral smell. If you detect any off or sulfuric odor when you crack the egg open, it has likely gone bad and should be thrown away immediately.

Proper Storage of Eggs

Proper storage is crucial to maintaining the freshness and safety of your eggs. Here are some tips:

1. Keep Eggs in Their Original Carton

The original carton helps protect eggs from absorbing strong odors and flavors from other foods in the refrigerator. It also helps prevent moisture loss and provides cushioning to prevent breakage.

2. Store Eggs in the Coldest Part of the Refrigerator

Place eggs in the coldest part of the refrigerator, typically the back of a middle shelf. Avoid storing eggs in the door, where temperatures can fluctuate due to frequent opening and closing.

3. Maintain a Consistent Temperature

Ensure your refrigerator is set at 40°F (4°C) or lower. Consistent refrigeration at this temperature helps keep eggs fresh for longer periods.

4. Do Not Wash Eggs Before Storing

Washing eggs can remove the protective bloom, a natural coating that helps keep bacteria out. If you need to clean eggs, do so just before using them.

What Are the Safety Concerns with Older Eggs?

While eggs can remain fresh for several weeks beyond their sell-by date, there are some safety concerns to be aware of when using older eggs:

1. Bacterial Contamination

As eggs age, the protective membrane inside the shell can weaken, increasing the risk of bacterial contamination, such as Salmonella. This can lead to foodborne illnesses. Always handle eggs with clean hands and avoid using eggs with cracked shells, as they are more vulnerable to bacteria.

2. Changes in Quality

Older eggs often experience changes in quality, such as thinning egg whites and flattened yolks. While these changes do not necessarily mean the eggs are unsafe to eat, they can affect the texture and appearance of your dishes. Additionally, older eggs may develop a sulfuric smell, indicating they are no longer fresh.

3. Risk of Spoilage

Improperly stored eggs can spoil more quickly. Spoiled eggs typically emit a strong, unpleasant odor and may have a discolored or slimy appearance. Consuming spoiled eggs can lead to food poisoning and other gastrointestinal issues. It is crucial to perform freshness tests before using older eggs to ensure they are still safe to consume.

How Can You Use Older Eggs Safely?

Older Eggs

Using older eggs safely requires proper handling and choosing appropriate cooking methods. Here are some tips to make the most of your older eggs:

1. Baking and Cooking

Older eggs are ideal for baking and cooking, where their slightly diminished quality is less noticeable. Use them in recipes for cakes, cookies, muffins, and other baked goods. The thorough cooking process involved in baking helps eliminate any potential bacteria, making the eggs safe to consume.

2. Hard-Boiling

Hard-boiling is another excellent way to use older eggs. The high temperature during boiling ensures that any bacteria present are killed. Hard-boiled eggs can be used in salads, sandwiches, or as a quick snack. Additionally, older eggs are easier to peel after boiling compared to fresher eggs.

3. Scrambling and Omelets

When making scrambled eggs or omelets, the texture of older eggs is less critical. Cooking eggs thoroughly until they are firm ensures they are safe to eat. Add vegetables, cheese, or other ingredients to enhance the flavor and nutritional value of your dish.

4. Casseroles and Quiches

Incorporate older eggs into casseroles, quiches, and other mixed dishes. These recipes typically involve cooking eggs with other ingredients at high temperatures, which helps ensure safety. The blending of various components also masks any minor changes in egg texture.

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